Initiate an inquiry, class discussion or student investigation with the SPARK student source What food challenges should smart agriculture provide?

Implement individual activities with the smart AGRICULTURE carousel slide guiding question What does smart agriculture have to do with food security and sustainability? The learning sources and competency-based activities in this carousel slide can be implemented as a one-to-two class activity that focuses on the challenge of meeting the increasing global demand for food while considering the impact on ecosystems, the land and its resources.

These activities can support the following specific learning outcomes in Biology 20 Unit B: Ecosystems and Population Change. Find a correlation of relevant learning outcomes to these individual activities in the Project and Activity Teaching Guide.



20–B1.1k Define species, population, community and ecosystem and explain the interrelationships among them

20–B1.2k Explain how terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems support a diversity of organisms through a variety of habitats and niches; e.g.,

  • Terrestrial: canopy, sub-canopy, forest floor, soil

20–B1.3k Identify biotic and abiotic characteristics and explain their influence in an aquatic and a terrestrial ecosystem in the local region; e.g., stream, lake, prairie, boreal forest, vacant lot, sports field

20–B1.4k Explain how limiting factors influence organism distribution and range; e.g.,

  • Abiotic factors: soil, relative humidity, moisture, ambient temperature, sunlight, nutrients, oxygen
  • Biotic factors: competitors, predators and parasites

20–B1.1sts explain how science and technology have both intended and unintended consequences for humans and the environment (SEC3) [ICT F3–4.1]

  • Evaluate the impact that human activity has had, or could have, on the biodiversity in an ecosystem:
    • land use
    • habitat fragmentation
    • urbanization
    • slash-and-burn and clearcutting practices
    • monoculturing of forests, lawns, field crops


20–B1.1s Formulate questions about observed relationships; plan investigations of questions, ideas, problems and issues; and define and delimit problems to facilitate investigation

20–B1.2s Conduct investigations into relationships between and among observable variables and use a broad range of tools and techniques to gather and record data and information

20–B1.4s Work collaboratively in addressing problems and apply the skills and conventions of science in communicating information and ideas and in assessing results

  • Work cooperatively to make clear and logical arguments to defend a decision on a given issue, such as human impact on ecosystems, land reclamation or wildlife habitat preservation (CT–SEC1, CT–SEC2, CT–SEC3) [ICT C1–4.4]

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